real estate

Project: GEOGRAPHY
Project Type: real estate

Description:

Location

Situated in southeastern Europe, Bulgaria occupies the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. To the North, via the Danube River, it borders on Romania, to the West-on Serbia and Montenegro and on the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. To the South its neighbours are Greece and Turkey. To the East Bulgaria touches the Black Sea, this links it also to Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia. The Black Sea borderline is 378km 240 (miles) long. The country’s total territory is 111 000sq. km (43 000 sq. miles).

Relief

Bulgaria possesses a variety of natural forms, located in the range of altitude from 0 to 2.925 m. Its territory includes part of the lower Danube Plain, The Balkan Range part of the Alpine-and-Himalayan chain, part of the Thracian lowland and to the south the mountain structures of the Macedonian-Thracian massif. The best-known mountain ranges are Rila (highest peak Mussala 2,925 m.), Pirin (Vihren 2,914 m.), Stara Planina or the Balkan range (Botev Peak 2,376 m.), and the Rhodopes (Golyam Perelik-2,191 m.) as well as Moount Vitosha (Cherni Vrah 2,291m.)

The Bulgarian mountains occupy half of this country’s territory, with the high-mountin relief i.e. an altitude above 1,600 m, comprising 5% of its entire area. The Bulgarian mountains are easily accessible and the presence of towns and villages in them that have preserved the authentic Bulgarian spirit and hospitality, gives a chance for receiving and accommodating tourists at village houses.

Waters

The rivers rise mainly in the highest mountains and low into the Black Sea and into the Aegean Sea. Bulgaria has 526 rivers longer than 2.3km. The only navigable river is the Danube, with lies along the North Bulgarian border. There are good prerequisites for the development of adventure tourism: wild waters – rafting and paragliding in the river valleys of Vatcha, Iskar, Chepelarska, Stuma, and Mestra rivers. There are about 330 natural lakes; the largest are the Black Sea lakes (Alepou,  Arkoutino, Pomorie, Beloslav, Bourgas, Varna and the Shabla lakes), the most numerous (over 260) are the high-mountain glacial lakes in the Rila and Pirin mountain ranges. Dams have been built as a part of waterpower systems  - Iskar, Arda, Batak Water Power System, Belmeken-Sestrimo, Dospat-Vucha, And a great number of smaller dams.
The longest rivers on the territory of Bulgaria (in km): Iskar (368.0 km), Toundga (349.5 km), Maritsa (321.6 km), Osum (314.0 km), Struma (290.0 km),Yantra (285.5 km), Kamchiya (244.5 km),Arda (241.3 km), Louda Kamchiya (200.9 km) and Roussenski Lom (196.9 km).

There are about 330 natural lakes; the largest are the Black Sea lakes (Alepou, Arkoutino, Pomorie, Beeloslav, Bourgas, Varna and the Shabla lakes), the most numerous (over 260) are the high-mountin glacial lakes in the Rila and Pirin mountain ranges. Dams have have been built as a part of waterpower systems – Iskar, Arda, Batak Water Power System, Belmeken-Sestrimo, Dospat-Vucha, And a great number of smaller dams.

Climate

The predominant climate in Bulgaria is moderate and transitional continental. (2,000 to 2,400 hours of sunlight per year). Four seasons.  Dry and hot summer. Average temperature (April-September): +23ºC. Cold winter with snowfalls, average temperature: 0ºC. The average yearly temperature is 10.5 ºC. A Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and mild, humid winters, prevails in the valley of the southwestern Rhodode Mountains. The northern limits of the climatic zone is the Balkan Range. The average January temperature in Sofia ranges between -4 ºC and 2 ºC. The July temperature ranges between 16ºC and 27 ºC. Along the Black Sea, the average January temperature ranges between -1 ºC and 6 ºC and the July  temperature ranges between 19 ºC and 30 ºC. The soft traditional Mediterranean climate and the fertile soils are very suitable for growing the century-famed Bulgarian at-tar-yielding rose-a valuable raw material products, food and wine, and tobacco industries.

Flora and Fauna

Bulgaria has many regions which have preserved in their natural state unique natural nooks, preserving a remark-able bio-diversity, Contemporary natural vegetation demonstrates considerable ecological diversity. 12,360 species have been found in its composition, of which 3,700 are higher plants. The Bulgarian blackberry, Rhodopean tulip etc. Forests abound with wild fruits, briars, blueberries, raspberries, stawberries, mushrooms – all of them of proven flavour and of qualities that strengthen the body. There is also a great diversity of herbs and healing plants.

Bulgaria’s fauna numbers some 13,000 species, which is 14% of the total number of registered animal species in Europe. Rare mammal species are to be found in this country. Pelicans, stags, deer, does, wild goats, quails, pheasants etc. inhabit reserves and hunting grounds. A network of 3 national parks (over 180,000 hectares), reserves, as well as 2,234 protected territories and natural landmarks. Two of them (Pirin National Park and Sreburna biosphere reserve have been included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Together with 16 further biosphere reserves they offer wonderful conditions for photo-hunting, scientific-and-cognitive tourism and hobby tourism.

Mineral Springs

Bulgaria has some 500 deposits of mineral waters wih over 1,600 water sources. These are localised chiefly at the mountain foothills. The spa resorts of national significance are Bankya, Velingrad, Sandanski, the mineral baths of Stara Zagora, Narechen, Sliven and Haskovo, as well as Kyustendil, Varshets, Pavel Banya, Hissarya, Merichleri, Momin Prohod, and Kostenets. Climatic sea-side resorts offering various recreation services are Albena, Balchik, Bourgas, Varna (Zlatni Pyassatzi – Golden Sands), Kiten, Pomorie, Primorsko, Nessebur (Slantchev Bryag – Sunny Beach) and Sozopol. Picturesque lakes hide in the folds of the Rila and Pirin mountain ranges. Reservoirs of recreational potential are to be found in the Rhodope Mountains – namely Batak, Vatcha, Studen Kladenets, at the foot of the Balkan Range – Ticha, as well as in some other places. There are good prerequisites for the development of adventure tourism: wild waters – rafting and canoe, diving, delta and para glidting in the river valleys of Vatcha, Iskar, Chepelarska, Struma, and Mesta rivers.

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